Comparative Chronology

George Rickey's fascinating creative life inhabited an amazing spectrum of art making, invention, criticism and scholarship, engaging with many of the visionary artistic innovators of his times.

The following Comparative Chronology is best viewed on tablet or desktop devices, but it also scales to fit many smartphones used horizontally.
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Contextual Chronology: Rickey’s Life with World and Artistic Events


World Events

Art Events

Personal Events




George Warren Rickey (GR) born 6 June, South Bend, IN


Henry Ford invents the Model T 

Henri Matisse’s The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room); Elie Nadelman meets Pablo Picasso; Alfred Stieglitz opens 291



NAACP formed; Robert Peary reaches the North Pole;  Glasgow School of Art, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, completed

Brancusi’s The Kiss; Nadelman’s first solo show featuring a large series of plaster and bronze classical female heads and full-length standing nudes




Wassily Kandinsky writes the treatise On the Spiritual In Art



The Carnegie Corporation begins funding scholarly and charitable works; 11,000 workers stage a strike at the Singer Factory in Clydebank, Scotland (400 workers are subsequently fired);  Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole

Walter Gropius designs and oversees the construction of the Fagus Factory in Alfeld on the Leine (through 1913); Kandinsky forms Der Blaue Reiter; Kandinsky and Paul Klee edit the almanac, Der Blaue Reiter



Titanic sinks (15 April)

Kandinsky publishes Concerning the Spiritual In Art 



Harry Brearly invents stainless steel; Federal Income Tax becomes law (16th Amendment)

Armory Show (International Exhibition of Modern Art) NY, NY;  The Rite of Spring debuts in Paris

Rickey family moves to Helensburgh, Scotland, when Walter Rickey accepts a transfer to the Singer Factory in Clydebank


Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated; World War One begins; German planes begin bombing England and Scotland

Piet Mondrian creates the Pier and Ocean series (through 1917)



Lusitania torpedoed off Kinsdale, Ireland (7 May); German zeppelins bomb England and Scotland;  Following drastic rent increases, the women of Glasgow organize rent strikes resulting in copy-cat strikes throughout the UK ultimately leading to legislation restricting rents to pre-War levels 

Naum Gabo begins creating first “constructions” in cardboard and wood; Dada “performances” begin



Battle of the Somme begins on 1 July(c.60,000 British soldiers killed on the battle’s first day);  UK Military Service Act (Conscription of men between the ages of 18-45) passed; Socialist groups in Glasgow begin conducting anti-war rallies; Easter Rising, Ireland; Planned Parenthood formed (US)

Mondrian and Theo Van Doesburg, found “De Stilj,” the journal of the De Stijl Group, in which he defines his neoplastic theory of painting



Tsar Nicholas II abdicates; Russian Revolution followed by the October Revolution brings Bolsheviks to power

Hans Arp begins working on bas relief “earthy forms”; Georgia O’Keefe’s  first solo show (291 Gallery); Gerrit Rietveldt designs The Red and Blue Chair, one of the first explorations of 3D work by the De Stilj movement

Begins attending the Larchfield School (where WH Auden will teach in the 1930s)


World War One ends; Partial suffrage granted to women in the UK

O’Keefe becomes associated with American Modernists Demuth, Dove, Hartley, Marin, and Strand



Treaty of Versailles signed (contains the “War Guilt” clause requiring Germany to pay 132 billion Marks in war reparations; cedes control of the Saar to the League of Nations and Alsace-Lorraine to France, establishes the nation of Czechoslovakia; places strict restriction on size of German military); Weimar Republic created; League of Nations established (US does not join); “Battle of George Square” occurs in Glasgow, when 10,000 troops are called out to quell a strike by 60,000 workers demanding a 40-hour work week

To illustrate kinetics to his students and demonstrate that movement in real time creates the illusion of volumetric space, Gabo creates Kinetic Sculpture (Standing Wave), one of the first truly kinetic sculptures; Bauhaus School opens  in Weimar; Vladimir Tatlin designs The Monument to the Third International;  Constructivist movement begins




US women granted the right to vote (19th Amendment); Prohibition begins (20th Amendment); ACLU formed

Gabo and Pevsner issue Realist Manifesto proclaiming the tenets of Constructivism; Gabo states that art needs to exist actively in four dimensions including time and that art was the exploration of space, which he believed could be shown without having to depict mass; Kurt Schwitter begins Merz, collages of found objects, printed materials, and even sound poems; Mies Van der Rohe begins adopting the theories of Constructivism: most important to him is the concept of the efficient assembly of modern industrial materials into sculptural forms.  He translates these theories into his “Less is more” dictum of design.



Allies press for war reparations from Germany;  Hyperinflation in Weimar Republic begins (330 Marks=$1)

Paul Klee begins teaching at the Bauhaus (through 1931)

Begins attending Trinity College, Glenalmond (157 “Old Glenalmonders” had lost their lives in World War I)


Irish Free State formed

Kandinsky begins teaching at the Bauhaus (through 1923); 1922-24:  Klee delivers the lectures and writes the essays that become the book Schriften zur Form und Gestaltungslehre (published in English as Paul Klee: Notebooks) (through 1924); Diego Rivera starts the Mexican mural movement;  Le Corbusier creates his urban plan for a city of three million (Ville Contempraine)




Hyperinflation continues in Weimar Republic (1 trillion Marks=$1); Nazi Party stages the unsuccessful Munich Beer Hall Putsch

Kandinsky forms Die Blaue Vier with Klee, Feininger, and Alexej von Jawlensky;   Schwitter’s begins transforming six rooms in his family Hanover home, which became known as the  Merzbau.  The rooms were transformed (through 1933) into sculptural environments painted almost entirely white with series of tableaux spread across the surfaces.  (Home destroyed in an Allied air raid in 1943.)




Surrealist Manifesto issued




Brancusi’s Bird In Space

Cruises the Mediterranean aboard the SS Alpera with Captain (Sir) David Bone, Kt., C.B.E., LL.D



Kandinsky publishes Point and Line to Plane

Graduates from Trinity College and begins studying Modern History at Balliol College, Oxford


Charles Lindbergh makes first non-stop solo flight from NY to Paris;  Lenin dies and Stalin comes to power

Isamu Noguchi works as studio assistant for Brancusi; Noguchi meets Alexander Calder

Crosses the Atlantic with Captain Bone


Full voting rights for women in the UK

Gabo teaches at the Bauhaus.

Spring:  Begins studying art at the Ruskin School, Oxford

Summer:  Visits Reinald Hoops and studies in Heidelberg; Visits Paris for the first time


Wall Street Crash (29 October); Great Depression begins

Noguchi meets Buckminster Fuller and models his Dymaxion car; O’Keefe starts spending a part of each year in Taos, NM; 1929:  Van der Rohe designs the German Pavilion for the International Exposition in Barcelona ; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) opens in NYC


Spring:  Graduates from Balliol;

Begins studying at the Academie L’Hote and the Academie Moderne, Paris;  Teaches English at the Gardener School, Paris, Fall



Hans Arp begins working on bas relief “earthy forms”;  Bill Max co-authors The Basis of Concrete Art, in which he advocates that "hand" of the artist be almost undetectable in finished works; concrete art may appear, in some instances, to have been made by a machine; Noguchi 1930 visits China and studies brush painting; Van der Rohe becomes director the Bauhaus


Spring:  Meets with Endicott Peabody and is offered a job at the Groton School

Summer:  Visits Reinald Hoops in Heidelberg

Meets his first wife, Susan Luhrs. crossing the Channel from Paris to England

Fall:  Begins teaching at the Groton School



Gaston Lachaise executes reliefs for the RCA Building at Rockefeller Center; Louise Nevelson studies with Hans Hoffman in Munich and begins creating works with a “limited palette”

Summer:  Travels by car across the US with Susan Luhrs (Trip ends in San Francisco because the Golden Gate Bridge has yet to be completed)


FDR elected

Gabo is a member of Abstraction-Creation, which includes Mondrian and Kandinsky (through 1935); GR meets Philip Evergood

Summer:  Teaches art courses in Quincy, IL


Nazi Party comes into power; Series of programs that become known as the New Deal begin; Prohibition ends (20th Amendment repealed)

Lachaise’s Standing Woman; Bauhaus closes; Thomas Hart Benton creates The Century of Progress murals in Chicago

Spring:  Leaves Groton and moves to NYC, marries Susan Luhrs at Riverside Church, NY, NY.

Fall:  Spends September through February 1934 in Paris where he meets Dolores Vanetti and Alice B. Toklas





Spring:  Travels in Germany;  Returns to NYC from Paris


Nuremberg Laws established in Germany, depriving Jews of citizenship, etc.; Congress passes the Social Security Act;  Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

WPA’s Federal Art Program established (runs until 1943); Alexander Calder’s first museum show which includes mobiles;  Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater completed;  MoMA holds retrospective of Lachaise’s work, the first at that institution featuring a living sculptor

Spring:  Walter Rickey dies in a car accident outside of Paris (22 May)

GR’s mother and sisters Elizabeth and Alison move back to the US. 

GR takes studio on Union Square, NYC, which he keeps until 1942.  (Within two years of GR’s arrival, Doris Lee, Arnold Blanch, Kuniyoshi, Morris Kantor, Harry Sternberg, and Rico LeBrun had studios in the same building.)


Edward VIII abdicates

Noguchi creates his first public work, a relief mural entitled History as Seen from Mexico in 1936, for the Abelardo Rodriguez market in Mexico City


Spring:  Works as an Editorial Assistant at Newsweek (March-May? His date of departure from the staff is unclear)


Golden Gate Bridge opens;

Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) exhibit, Munich, Germany;  Picasso’s Guernica; The Nazis include seventeen of Klee’s works in the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) exhibit; Gabo edits Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art)


Summer:  Meets David Smith in Woodstock at a party thrown by Eddie Millman;  Susan and GR separate


Germany annexes Austria (The Anschluss);  Munich Pact signed, giving the Czechoslovak Sudetenland to Germany; British PM Chamberlain declares “I have returned from Germany with peace for our time.”

Gropius completes The Gropius House, Lincoln, MA, bringing the concepts of “International Modernism” to the US 

Spring:  Begins one year term as Artist-In-Resident at Olivet College, Olivet, MI, a position funded by the Carnegie Corporation; Begins work on the Olivet wet fresco mural

Summer:  Travels throughout the Midwest on an educational tour also funded by the Carnegie Corporation


Germany invades Poland; World War II begins


Summer:  Paints Post Office mural, Selingsgrove, PA (WPA Federal Art Project)

Travels to Mexico with Alison Rickey and Ulfert Wilke

Fall:  Completes mural at Olivet

Fall/Winter:  Rents cabin in Fenville, MI

Divorce from Susan Luhrs finalized


The Blitz of London begins (lasts until 1941);  Paris falls to the Nazis (14 June)

Noguchi’s stainless steel bas relief sculpture News unveiled at Rockefeller Center

Spring:  Becomes Acting Art Curator at the Kalamazoo Art Institute; As Artist-In-Resident (a position funded by the Carnegie Corporation) begins Knox College mural, Galesburg, IL; Travels in Mexico


Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor (7 December); US enters World War II


Spring:  Completes Knox College mural

Summer:  Travels to Mexico with Alison Rickey

Fall:  Organized art department at Muhlenberg College, Allentown, PA



Peggy Guggenheim opens the Art of This Century Gallery;  Albert Camus’ The Stranger published; Mondrian’s  Broadway Boogie Woogie (completed in 1943); GR offers Evergood a temporary teaching position at Muhlenberg College

Spring:  Drafted into the Army Air Force and is stationed in Denver, CO


Jackson Pollock’s first solo show at the Art of This Century Gallery;  Jean-Paul Sartre’s Being and Nothingness published

Jackson Pollock’s first solo show at the Art of This Century Gallery;  Jean-Paul Sartre’s Being and Nothingness published; Calder retrospective at MoMA



D-Day (6 June); Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (GI Bill of Rights) passed




Germany surrenders unconditionally (7 May); US bombs Hiroshima (6 August) and Nagasaki (9 August); Japan surrenders unconditionally (2 September); United Nations founded

Jean-Paul Sartre visits New York

Spring:  Transferred from Denver, CO to Loredo, TX;  Makes first mobile

Fall:  Discharged and returns to NYC

Winter:  Begins taking courses at the Institute of Fine Arts, NYU


Truman Doctrine, informal plan to contain Communism,  first articulated

Gabo immigrates to the US; Noguchi’s Kouros first shown; Sartre writes the catalogue for Calder’s Paris show


Summer:  Returns to teaching at Muhlenberg College


Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe enacted; Cold War begins; House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigating alleged American Communists

Noguchi begins collaborating with the Herman Miller Co. producing furniture, including the Noguchi table (still in production as of 2016); Louise Bourgeois’ The Blind Leading the Blind.  (Cast in bronze from a wooden sculpture later known at C.O.Y.O.T.E) (through 1949); Max Beckmann immigrates to the US


Spring:  Marries Edie Leighton at Christ Church, NY, NY

Fall:  Studies etching with Maurico Lasansky at University of Iowa


USSR blocks Western access to sectors of Berlin (Berlin Blockade); Western powers begin Berlin Airlift; Nation of Israel established; First Arab-Israeli War

MoMa restores and reintroduces Nadelman’s Man in the Open Air at the first major retrospective of his work (two years after his death); Clyfford Still’s 1948-C


Spring:  Leaves Muhlenberg College

Fall: Begins classes at the Institute of Design, Chicago, IL


Berlin Blockade ends; Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic are created; NATO established;  Giacometti’s Three Men Walking II

David Smith’s  Blackburn: Song of an Irish Blacksmith (through 1950)

Summer:  Accepts teaching position at Indiana University; Creates first kinetic works in glass


Korean War begins (US withdraws in 1953)

Smith’s Hudson River Landscape, referred to as a “drawing in space”

Creates first kinetic works in metal



Chillida begins working in forged iron, creating “rebellion(s) against gravity” 

Summer:  Travels in Mexico


Elizabeth II becomes queen


Summer:  GR and ELR spend summer at Camp Treetops, Lake Placid, NY, where he invents the Mobikit


Stalin dies;  Senator Joseph McCarthy becomes chair of the Senate Subcommittee on Investigations and begins investigating alleged American Communists; Hilary and Norgay summit Everest


Spring:  Stuart Ross Rickey born (23 March)


Brown v. Board of Education ruling desegregates public schools; Civil Rights protests begin in many southern states

Nevelson produces her first series of wood landscape sculptures; Jasper John’s Flag; Robert Rauscheberg starts his Combines series, utilizing found objects, textiles, taxidermy animals, etc. (through 1962)

Spring:  Resigns from Indiana University

Fall:  Travels through the Midwest on a teaching tour funded by the Carnegie Corporation


Montgomery Bus Boycott; Martin Luther King Jr. rises to national prominence; Military occupation of West Germany ends and West Germany joins NATO; Republic of Austria formed;  Noguchi’s Garden of Peace and Peace Fountain opens at the UNESCO site in Paris

Documenta I, Kassel, West Germany;

GR meets David Smith at Indiana University; David Smith teaches GR to weld.

Spring:  Becomes chairman of the Art Department, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA


US tests first hydrogen bomb; Suez Crisis leads to Second Arab-Israeli War

GR brings Smith and Still to Tulane University as a visiting artists



USSR launches Sputnik

Still’s 1957-D No. 1; Ed Kienholz opens the Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles; Claes Oldenberg’s first soft sculpture (now known as Sausage)

Spring/Summer:  GR (with his family) at the American Academy, Rome


Khruschev assumes power in the USSR;  Nevelson’s Sky Cathedral

MoMA acquires Nevelson’s Sky Cathedral; Noguchi designs the Garden of Peace for the UNESCO headquarters, Paris; 1958:  Van der Rohe’s Seagram Building, NYC



Cuban Revolution occurs

Ellsworth Kelly’s first in his Rocker series (freestanding folded sculptures); Oldenberg’s first show to include sculpture; Peter Voulkos’ first exhibits his stacked and cantilevered glaze- painted sculptures; Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in NYC


Spring:  Philip Julian Leighton Rickey born (21 March)

Summer:  Family spends several months at Hand Hollow, East Chatham, NY; Travels in Mexico


JFK elected; Civil Rights boycotts and sit-ins begin in New Orleans

Anthony Caro begins working with David Smith and constructing sculptures by welding or bolting together pieces of steel such as I-beams, steel plates and meshes, and other “found” industrial objects; Jasper John’s first sculpture, Flashlight (bronze and glass)

Spring:  Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship and takes sabbatical from Tulane University

Summer: Family spends a portion of the summer in Santa Barbara, CA, where GR teaches at UC Santa Barbara; Family returns to Hand Hollow


Berlin Wall built (30 miles of barbed wire appear overnight, 12-13 August); China’s Great Leap Forward begins (ultimately results in the death of 20 million)

George Segal’s Man Seated at Table, his first body cast sculpture; Smith begins the Cubi series (I-XXVIII); Mark Di Suvero begins creating large outdoor pieces incorporating wooden timbers, tires, scrap metal and structural steel.

Spring:  Guggenheim Fellowship renewed; Takes second sabbatical from Tulane University; Shows in Paris and Amsterdam; Meets Denise Rene

Summer:  Begins work on Constructivism

Fall:  Resigns from Tulane Univesity, Begins teaching at RPI


Cuban Missile Crisis (14-28 October);  Tulane University desegregated

Nevelson’s work included in the Venice Biennale; Nevelson meets Brancusi, Andy Warhol’s solo pop art shoes (Ferus Gallery in LA and  Eleanor Ward’s Stable Gallery, NYC)

Spring:  Family moves to Hand Hollow

Summer:  Travels to West Germany for a show of his work


JFK visits Berlin and delivers his “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech (26 June); JFK assassinated (22 November); March on Washington where Martin Luther King Jr.  delivers the “I Have a Dream” speech;  Betty Friedan’s The Feminist Mystique published

Dan Flavin’s  Diagonal of Personal Ecstasy, first fluorescent light sculpture (dedicated to Brancusi) 

Spring:  Spends week at Yaddo working on Constructivism;  Grace Landon Rickey dies (22 March)

Fall:  Travels to Europe; Asked to participate in Documenta III


Gulf of Tonkin Resolution increases US involvement in the Vietnam War; Civil Rights Act passed;  Race riots occur in numerous US cities

Warhol’s first sculpture project Brillo Soap Pads Boxes; Donald Judd creates his first floor box structure and first wall-mounted sculpture, publishes Specific Objects, and begins delegating fabrication based on his drawings to professional artisans and manufacturers; Mark Rothko starts work on 14 triptychs for the Rothko Chapel, Houston, TX


Summer:  Exhibits in Documenta III

Two Lines Temporal purchased by MoMA


First US combat units deployed to Vietnam; Medicade and Medicare programs established; Watts Riot; MLK Jr. leads the Selma to Montgomery march (March 7-25)

Walter De Maria begins working in metal; Eva Hesse begins working in latex, fiberglass and plastics; Judd creates first floor box sculpture using plexiglass




National Organization for Women (NOW) established

Chillida’s Abesti Gogora, Dallas, TX; Kelly’s Yellow Piece (his first work on an irregular angled/shaped canvas); The Guggenheim Museum commissions Kelly to create the steel sculpture, Wright Curve; Kienholz’s assemblage Back Seat Dodge, ‘38 creates an uproar when it is shown at LACMA

Spring:  Resigns from RPI; Creates Crucifera, his largest outdoor work to date

Fall:  Artist-in-Residence, Dartmouth College, Dartmouth, NH


Race riots in Newark and Detroit; Six Day War (Israel v. Arab nations)

Nevelson’s first retrospective show at the Whitney; Evergood paints portrait of Edith Leighton Rickey; Rothko completes the Rothko Chapel; Richard Serra works on processed-based sculptures made from molten lead hurled at canvases in large splashes


Spring:  Teaches courses at UC Santa Barbara;  Family travels to Berlin (January); Asked by the DAAD to be a visiting artist in Berlin (through June 1969)


Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated;   Riots at the Democratic National Convention; Student and general strikes in Paris; Nixon elected; The Troubles begin in Northern Ireland

Nevelson’s work included in Documenta III; Van der Rohe’s Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin (his last design); 1968: Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup I.  Pared down image vocabulary to only the icon itself and removed entirely any recognizable hand of the artist.  Warhol credited with the expression “Fifteen minutes of fame”; Hesse’s first solo exhibition, Chain Polymers, at the Fischbach Gallery, NYC; 1968:  Judd Retrospective at the Whitney; Serra creates “prop pieces” by cutting , propping or stacking of lead sheets, creating structures supported by their own weight; Kenneth Snelson’s Needle Tower, a tower of aluminum and stainless steel wire demonstrating the use of “tensegrity”;  James Turrell’s Shallow Space Constructions 

Summer:  Exhibits in Dokumenta IV


Stonewall Riots, NYC (first major Gay Rights event); Apollo 11 lands on the moon

Princeton University commissions Nevelson’s first  monumental steel sculpture; Alexander Calder’s La Grande Vitesse (first  public artwork funded by the Art in Public Places program of the National Endowment for the Arts, Grand Rapids)

GR travels to Osaka to prepare for Expo70



Oldenberg’s first public sculpture, Three Way Plug, commissioned by Oberlin College; Robert Smithson’s Spiral Jetty; Turrell begins work on his Skyscape series

Spring:  Receives honorary doctorate from Knox College



Chillida’s  Monumento installed in Dusseldorf

GR and ELR begin dividing the year between Hand Hollow and Berlin; Visiting Artist, Berliner Kunstlerprogramm, West Berlin; Travels in Mexico


Blood Sunday in Northern Ireland (30 January); Munich Massacre at the Summer Olympics; Nixon visits China

Nevelson gives Night Presence IV to NYC (Park Avenue between 91st and 92nd streets); Michael Heizer begin’s work on City (in Garden Valley, Lincoln Co., NV), which is comprised of five Complexes; Kelly begins creating large scale outdoor sculpture using unvarnished steel, aluminum or bronze; 1972:  Lichtenstein receives commission for his first public art piece, the sculpture Lamp (St. Mary’s, GA)

Receives Fine Arts Award, American Institute of Architects;  Honorary doctorate from Williams College, Williamstown, MA;  GR and ELR donate their Constructivist collection to The Neuberger Museum, SUNY Purchase; Travels in Mexico


Yom Kippur War (Israel v. Arab nations); Watergate scandal begins; Oil crisis causes gas prices to rise by 70%;  Roe v. Wade decided by the US Supreme Court

Kienholz becomes a guest artist of the German Academic Exchange Service in Berlin (Divides the remaining 20 years of his life between Berlin and his home in Hope, ID); Picasso dies

Receives Skowhegen School of Painting and Sculpture Medal;  Honorary doctorate from Union College, Schenectady, NY;  Dillon Visiting Fellow, Groton School, Groton, MA


Nixon resigns (8 August); Ford becomes President and pardons Nixon


Elected to The National Institute of Arts and Letters;  Honorary doctorate; Indiana University, Bloomington, IN


Fall of Saigon and the end of the Vietnam War; Khmer Rouges comes to power in Cambodia


Award for Sculpture, Indiana Arts Commission;  Travels in Mexico


Cultural Revolution in China ends

Jean Marie Basquiat begins graffiti work under the pseudonym SAMO; Judd receives grant from the NEA for a public sculpture at Northern Kentucky University (Cincinnati, OH)



Control of the Panama Canal returned to Panama;  First personal computers become available; Carter grants amnesty for Vietnam War “draft dodgers”

De Maria ‘s Lightning Field (commissioned and maintained by Dia Art Foundation); Di Suvero’s Arikidea; Gabo dies

Nan Rosenthal’s book, George Rickey, published by Harry N. Abrams, Inc.


Camp David Accords peace agreement between Israel and Egypt; Jonestown mass suicide; Birth of first test tube baby; Love Canal

Julian Schnabel’s first plate painting, The Patients and the Doctors



Margaret Thatcher becomes UK Prime Minister; Iranian Revolution; Iran hostage crisis

Turrell purchases Roden Crater, a natural cinder volcanic crater outside of Flagstaff, AZ to create a naked-eye observatory (work in progress as of 2016)

Fall:  Retrospective of GR’s work at the Guggenheim (September/October)


Reagan elected; Solidarity Union formed in Poland; Iran releases US hostages; International boycott of the Moscow Olympic Games


Establishes Hand Hollow Foundation



Serra’s Tilted Arc installed the Federal Plaza in NYC

Works with Seth Schneidman on the documentary, George Rickey: Portrait of an Artist


Helmut Kohl becomes West German Chancellor


For information on Rickey’s activities, please visit the art career chronology.


US embassy bombed in Beirut

Max Bill’s Pavillion (Zurich)



Lichtenstein’s Brushstrokes in Flight


Gorbachev becomes Soviet Premier

Basquiat collaborates with Warhol on Ten Punching Bags (Last Supper) (through 1986)

Establishes living quarters and studio in Santa Barbara.


Challenger disaster; Chernobyl disaster; Iran-Contra becomes public knowledge

Max Bill’s Continuity (Frankfurt am Main)




Henry Moore’s Reclining Figure:  Festival

Elected to the Academie der Kunste, Berlin;  Visits China


Perestroika begins; George WH Bush elected





For information on Rickey’s activities, please visit the art career chronology.


Fall of the Berlin Wall; Tiananmen Square massacre; Emperor Hirohito dies; Exxon Valdez oil spill

Following complaints, Serra’s Tilted Arc dismantled, removed, and eventually cut up as scrap


Germany reunified;  Kohl becomes Chancellor of the newly reunified Germany;  Gulf War begins; World Wide Web invented



Soviet Union dissolved; Yeltsin becomes president of the First Russian Federation; Gulf War ends



European Union created; Bosnian War begins; LA riots following the police beating of Rodney King



World Trade Center bombed; Waco siege; Slovakia becomes a separate nation

Kelly commissioned by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum for a two-part wall sculpture entitled Memorial

Awarded the Verdienstkreuz  erste Klasse by West Germany


Apartheid ends in South Africa; Nelson Mandela elected; Rwandan genocide

Kienholz dies and is buried in an “authentic Kienholz installation,” a 1940 Packard coupe; Lichtenstein’s Times Square Mural (Times Square subway station, NYC)



WTO established; Oklahoma City bombing; Bosnian War ended by NATO bombing; Yitzhak Rabin assassinated


Receives Gold Medal for Sculpture from the American Academy;  Edie Leighton Rickey dies (24 June)


Tailban takes control of Afghanistan

Schnabel’s film, Basquiat, released



Tony Blair becomes UK PM; Princess Diana dies in car accident

Di Suvero’s Joie De Vivre (Zuccotti Park, NYC)



Osama Bin Laden publishes a fatwa against the West; Good Friday Agreement ends The Troubles in Northern Ireland




Kosovo War ends the Yugoslav Wars; Euro is introduced; Columbine High School Massacre

Bourgeois’ Maman (Only piece in the collection of the Tate Modern made from stainless steel)



Al-Qaeda bombs the USS Cole; George W. Bush elected; Putin becomes President of Russia




World Trade Center destroyed by terrorists; War on Terror declared


Moves to St. Paul, MN


Search for weapons of mass destruction begins in Iraq; Guantanamo Bay detention camp established


George Warren Rickey dies (17 July), St. Paul, MN


Art Career Chronology

The Chronology document below encompasses George Rickey's birth from 1907 through the continuation of his legacy today. It is an excerpt from the hardcover book published in conjunction with the 2007 Vero Beach Art Museum exhibition:

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculpture, A Retrospective

The complete book is a comprehensive and invaluable George Rickey resource, available for purchase at and other online booksellers.

Download Art Career Chronology pdf